The content included for each chapter of the 5th grade Think Math! program is listed below.

- Chapter 1: Algebra: Machines and Puzzles
- Chapter 2: Multiplication and Large Numbers
- Chapter 3: Factoring and Prime Numbers
- Chapter 4: Equivalence and Comparison of Fractions
- Chapter 5: Multi-Digit Multiplication
- Chapter 6: Grids and Graphs
- Chapter 7: Extending the Place Value System
- Chapter 8: Division
- Chapter 9: Attributes of Two-Dimensional Figures
- Chapter 10: Area and Perimeter
- Chapter 11: Fraction Computation
- Chapter 12: Three-Dimensional Geometry
- Chapter 13: Fun with Algebra
- Chapter 14: Data and Probability
- Chapter 15: Graphing